|King Philip’s Views Of The English
This document is an interpretation of Philip’s dialogue with “The Rhode Island Men,” and recorded by John Easton. See source material.
“They went on to say they had been the first to do good to the English, and the English had been the first in doing wrong; that when the first English came, Philip’s father was a great man, and the English as a little child; he prevent other Indians from wronging them, game them corn and showed them how to plant it, and let them have a hundred times more land than now the King (Philip) had for his own people. Then they referred to the death of the other King, his brother [Alexander] whom the English caused miserably to die; being forced to Court and poisoned.
They said if twenty of their honest Indians proved that an Englishman had wronged them “it was nothing.” While if one of their worst [Christian] Indians testified against any of their King’s men, it was sufficient. Their Kings had done wrong to sell so much land. That the English made the Indians drunk and then cheated them. Now their Kings were forewarned not to part with their lands, for nothing was of so much value. They would not own the King and Queen of the English, but would disinherit them, and make a King themselves, who would give or sell them back their lands. Now they had no hopes to keep any land.
That the English cattle and horses had so increased, that when they removed thirty miles, they could not keep their corn from being spoiled, because they never being used to make fences. And when the English bought any land of them, they claimed the cattle that were on it. That the English would sell the Indians liquor and get them drunk, and then they often did mischief to their cattle, and their King could not prevent it.”
Note: In quoting the above narrative set down by John Easton, the author says: ” . . . John Easton was a wretched narrator, and has left us in utter ignorance of much regarding the conference which we desire to know . . .yet, that which is of more importance than style and manner, we doubtless have in his narrative, and that is truthfulness. “
This is a copy of Philip’s signature regarding a settlement between him and another chief about 1670, presented here simply for its interest.
NEHGR 15:151+, 1861: Notes On The Indian War In New England , inclusive of notes from the Narrative of John Eastman of Rhode Island